Linked below are selected publications by Dr. John Kasarda addressing the basics of airport city and aerotropolis planning and development as well as articles on his work and that of Aerotropolis Business Concepts LLC. A more comprehensive set of publications can be found at


Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Studies

Definitions, key components, and underlying drivers of the aerotropolis and aerotropolis model are presented along with planning principles, critiques, and counterpoints.

China’s Aerotropolis

August 2018
International Airport Review

The aerotropolis model is being widely adopted throughout China with more than 100 of its airports and their surrounding areas applying its principles. Leading the way is the Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone whose remarkable achievements since 2013 in industrial investment, economic output, and aviation-linked trade have earned the reputation as China's Aerotropolis.

Creating an Effective Aerotropolis Master Plan

September, 2016
Regional Economic Review

Aerotropolis master plans to date have consisted mainly of elaborations of proposed commercial land use and urban design renderings along with recommendations for improved airport region surface transportation infrastructure. Much less attention has been given to the strategic, economic, and real estate investment issues that determine whether proposed aerotropolis commercial development would actually occur.

China’s Dynamic Airport Economic Zone

November, 2015

A massive planned economic zone around Zhengzhou (China) International Airport is evolving geared to high-end manufacturing and modern business services. This zone is already the world's single largest platform for smartphone production. Factors contributing to its emergence and growth are described.

Welcome to Aerotropolis, The City of the Future

May 22, 2015
Huffington Post 

The aerotropolis as a new urban form is highlighted along with its value proposition for firms and urban regions.

A Western Sydney Aerotropolis: Maximising the Benefits of Badgerys Creek

April 30, 2015
Sydney Business Chamber

The opportunities and challenges of developing Sydney’s second commercial airport are discussed.  Recommendations and action steps are proposed to construct an aerotropolis around it as well as make the new airport financially viable.

Airports take off as economic centers

February 6, 2015
China Daily

China is engaged in an airport construction boom that is transforming the country.  The relative financial merits of the construction boom are discussed in terms of cost and ultimate returns to local and regional economies.

Aerotropolis: Airports as the New City Center


Airports have become not just 21st century business magnets, but also regional economic accelerators, catalyzing and driving business development outward for many miles.

Gateway Airports: Commercial Magnets and Critical Business Infrastructure

November 3, 2014
McGraw Hill Financial Global Institute

International gateway airports are shaping business development and establishing new urban power centers around the world. The commercial anatomy of today's air gateways is examined and why they have become critical infrastructure for firms and regions to compete in an emerging era where economies of speed are as important as economies of scale and economies of scope.

Planning a Competitive Aerotropolis

Advances in Airline Economics, Vol 4 (Emerald Group Publishing)

Aerotropolis planning principles are provided to improve (1) people and logistics mobility, (2) airport area land use and community development, and (3) firm and regional competitiveness.  Focus is on creating new "economies of speed" in goods and services trade through better local and global aerotropolis connectivity with coordinated business siting.  

"International airline routes are the quintessential manifestation of 21st century globalization. They are our high-speed physical Internet, moving people and products quickly and efficiently over long distances. Airports are its routers, attracting time-critical, globally-oriented businesses of all types to their environs creating a new urban form – the Aerotropolis."

Time Magazine, 2011

Aerotropolis The Way We'll Live Next

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"The aerotropolis is the physical incarnation of globalization made concrete in urban form reflecting local interfaces of worldwide airborne flows of people and products."

John D. Kasarda

"In today's globally-networked, turbulent economy it is no longer the big eating the small but the fast eating the slow. Economies of speed have become as important as economies of scale and economies of scope for firms and cities to compete."

John D. Kasarda

"A well-designed aerotropolis functions as an 'urban pipe' reducing time-cost frictions of space and distance, thereby increasing both firm and regional operational efficiency."

John D. Kasarda

"The primary metrics for aerotropolis planning are not space and distance but time and cost of connecting. It is not how far but how fast firms and business people can connect to their suppliers, customers, and enterprise partners locally, nationally and globally."

John D. Kasarda

"Cities used to be almost exclusively destinations and airports solely places of departure. Now airports are becoming destinations and cities places of departure as their residents and workers increasingly travel to emerging airport cities and aerotropolises around the world."

John D. Kasarda

"A globally competitive aerotropolis will not likely evolve on a spontaneous, ad hoc basis. Rather, it must be guided by a shared vision, strategy, and coordinated actions among the private, public, and institutional sectors."

John D. Kasarda

"In the Aerotropolis model, transportation and logistics are not costs to be minimized, but value-adding services to be optimized."

John D. Kasarda

"Airports today are not just trade facilitators; they are trade creators by quickly connecting businesspeople and high-value, time-critical products to distant customers and markets."

John D. Kasarda

"Under Global City 4.0, exports of knowledge-based, information-intensive business services – delivered to distant sites by air traveling auditors, consultants, corporate lawyers, investment bankers, marketers, and professionals of all types – will far eclipse the value of the Global City’s goods exports."

John D. Kasarda

"As our world becomes increasingly networked, ever-greater amounts of commerce will flow to and through its hubs, especially its major air hubs and the metropolitan regions they serve, creating a global hierarchy of aerotropolises established by the strength of air hub connectivity and resulting value of goods and services trade generated."

John D. Kasarda