Publications

Linked below are selected publications by Dr. John Kasarda addressing the basics of airport city and aerotropolis planning and development. Additional articles can be found on the publications link of www.aerotropolisbusinessconcepts.aero.


AEROTROPOLIS

2018
Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Studies

Definitions, key components, and underlying drivers of the aerotropolis and aerotropolis model are presented along with planning principles, critiques, and counterpoints.

China’s Aerotropolis

August 2018
International Airport Review

The aerotropolis model is being widely adopted throughout China with more than 100 of its airports and their surrounding areas applying its principles. Leading the way is the Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone whose remarkable achievements since 2013 in industrial investment, economic output, and aviation-linked trade have earned the reputation as China's Aerotropolis.

Creating an Effective Aerotropolis Master Plan

September, 2016
Regional Economic Review

Aerotropolis master plans to date have consisted mainly of elaborations of proposed commercial land use and urban design renderings along with recommendations for improved airport region surface transportation infrastructure. Much less attention has been given to the strategic, economic, and real estate investment issues that determine whether proposed aerotropolis commercial development would actually occur.

China’s Dynamic Airport Economic Zone

November, 2015

A massive planned economic zone around Zhengzhou (China) International Airport is evolving geared to high-end manufacturing and modern business services. This zone is already the world's single largest platform for smartphone production. Factors contributing to its emergence and growth are described.

Welcome to Aerotropolis, The City of the Future

May 22, 2015
Huffington Post 

The aerotropolis as a new urban form is highlighted along with its value proposition for firms and urban regions.

A Western Sydney Aerotropolis: Maximising the Benefits of Badgerys Creek

April 30, 2015
Sydney Business Chamber

The opportunities and challenges of developing Sydney’s second commercial airport are discussed.  Recommendations and action steps are proposed to construct an aerotropolis around it as well as make the new airport financially viable.

Airports take off as economic centers

February 6, 2015
China Daily

China is engaged in an airport construction boom that is transforming the country.  The relative financial merits of the construction boom are discussed in terms of cost and ultimate returns to local and regional economies.

Aerotropolis: Airports as the New City Center

2015
Sodexo

Airports have become not just 21st century business magnets, but also regional economic accelerators, catalyzing and driving business development outward for many miles.

Gateway Airports: Commercial Magnets and Critical Business Infrastructure

November 3, 2014
McGraw Hill Financial Global Institute

International gateway airports are shaping business development and establishing new urban power centers around the world. The commercial anatomy of today's air gateways is examined and why they have become critical infrastructure for firms and regions to compete in an emerging era where economies of speed are as important as economies of scale and economies of scope.

Planning a Competitive Aerotropolis

2014
Advances in Airline Economics, Vol 4 (Emerald Group Publishing)

Aerotropolis planning principles are provided to improve (1) people and logistics mobility, (2) airport area land use and community development, and (3) firm and regional competitiveness.  Focus is on creating new "economies of speed" in goods and services trade through better local and global aerotropolis connectivity with coordinated business siting.  

Aerotropolis: Business Mobility and Urban Competitiveness in the 21st Century

2013
Culture and Mobility (Heidelberg University Press)

The 21st century is bringing competitive advantage to cities that understand and capitalize on the changing context of business mobility and commercial development. This context is being altered by a catalytic interaction of digitization, globalization, and aviation transforming where and the way business is conducted. It is also transforming the pace and distances that products and people routinely traverse. These dynamics have heightened competition among places as well as firms around the world 

Airport cities: The evolution

April/May, 2013
Airport World Vol 18, No 2

Also available at www.airport-world.com
Airport City and aerotropolis development is gaining substantial traction, multiplying rapidly around the world. With cities now being built around airports, rather than the reverse, propitious opportunities await metropolitan regions that can marshal the vision, planning skills, and coordinated actions to capitalize on them.

The Airport City Phenomenon: Evidence from Large US Airports

May, 2013
Urban Studies Vol 50, No 6

As air transport for leisure trips, business travel and goods shipment increased rapidly over the past several decades, the emergence of airport cities has been hypothesised. Busy commercial airports may be emerging as central transport nodes in large metropolitan areas, much as ports and rail terminals were in the past, anchoring employment servicing passengers, facilitating frequent travellers and providing a spatial focus for unrelated firms. An analysis of small-area employment data for the areas surrounding 25 major US airports and the related central cities reveals the concentration of employment within 2.5 miles of these airports to be substantial—approximately half that within 2.5 miles of the central point of the corresponding CBDs—and growing. The analysis refocuses a question about the nature of spatial differentiation within metropolitan regions supporting multiple employment nodes.

Stephen Appold and John D. Kasarda are in the Kenan Institute of Private Enterprise, University of North Carolina, CB 3440 Chapel Hill, 27599-3440, USA. Email: appold@unc.edu and John_Kasarda@unc.edu.

A Tale of Two Airports

April/May 2013
Airport World Vol 18, No 2

Brazil's Belo Horizonte International Airport went from stagnation to major growth success, but it took bold government decisions, and substantial investment in connecting surface transportation infrastructure.

Aerotropolis: Landing in the Heart of 21st Century Urban Planning

January/February, 2012
Originally published by Business Facilities

The future of economic development is taking shape at major international air hubs that have become the anchor of an organically expanding growth strategy, the Aerotropolis

The Aerotropolis and Global Competitiveness

December, 2011
Originally published by Diplomatic Courier in Global Cities, Dec. 2011 print edition

A new urban form is emerging worldwide that is shaping the competitiveness of metropolitan regions and nations. It is the aerotropolis, a city built around an airport which offers aviation-oriented firms speedy connectivity to their suppliers, customers, and enterprise partners nationally and worldwide.

Aerotropolis: The Way We’ll Live Next?

December, 2011
Orifinally published in Atlantis, Dec. 2011 edition

John D. Kasarda is co-author of the new book Aerotropolis, an astonishing treatise on the metropolis of the future and the integral role of the airport. Kasarda argues "Look for yesterday's busiest train terminals and you will find today's great urban centers. Look for today's biggest airports and you will find the great urban centers of tomorrow." In his career he has consulted with four White House administrations and advised companies such as Boeing, FedEx and Bank of America. He is professor at the University of North Carolina's Kenan-Flagler Business School. For a rare moment when he is not in the air, Atlantis asks him about the future of the airport, the city and the implications for the Netherlands.

Global Airport Cities

2010
From Global Airport Cities, John D. Kasarda, Contributing Editor (London: Insight Media Publications, 2010)

The first three chapters from the Global Airport Cities book are provided. These chapters include (1) The Way Forward, (2) Strategically Managing Airport Cities, and (3) Airport City Pioneers. Key components of airport cities and aerotropolises are described as well as strategic management issues.

The Rise of the Aerotropolis

September, 2010

Once a place strictly for airplanes to take off and land, the modern airport has become something much more significant for any company, or region contemplating its economic future.

Airport Cities

April, 2009
Urban Land

Even in today's rocky economic times, airports and their immediate environs are becoming 21st-century commercial anchors, taking on many features of destination retail and urban centers.

Are Airports Non-Places?

Summer 2011
Airport Consulting

Social scientists view airports as quintessential "non-places". "Places" communicate identity, social meaning, and history while "non-places", lacking these attributes, are held to be anonymous, disorienting and off-putting.

Welcome to the Age of Aerotropolis

Spring, 2011
Appears in Endeavors

Cities flourished as seaports. Towns sprouted around rivers. Railroads opened the hinterlands, and highways connected suburbs. Now, the fastest-growing cities in the world are airport cities. Beijing and Dubai and Brisbane have already started listening to a UNC business professor named Jack Kasarda, who says that our nation's future is up in the air.

The Change in Reign: As Hong Kong International Becomes the World’s Top Air Cargo Airport, Challenges Lie Ahead

Spring, 2011

The crown has been passed from Memphis to Hong Kong. Memphis, which had been the leading cargo airport every year since 1992, handled 3.9 million metric tons of cargo in 2010. Hong Kong processed 4.1 million metric tons last year – an increase of 23 percent over the previous year.

Big plans for Panama: Panama’s Airport City and Aerotropolis Ambitions

June-July, 2011
Appears in Airport World

Central America has lagged behind other regions of the world in airport city and aerotropolis development. This is about to change.

Creating an Aerotropolis: How Indianapolis Is Strategically Charting Its Airport’s and Region’s Future

Spring, 2011

Indianapolis International Airport (IND), handling a total of 7.5 million passengers and 1.05 million metric tons of cargo in 2010, received much more than a facelift in 2008. A new state-of-the-art airport was opened adjacent to the old one on a greenfield site a mile wide and over two miles in length.

"International airline routes are the quintessential manifestation of 21st-century globalization. They are our high-speed physical Internet, moving people and products quickly and efficiently over long distances. Airports are its routers, attracting time-critical, globally oriented businesses of all types to their environs creating a new urban form – the Aerotropolis."

John D. Kasarda

Aerotropolis The Way We'll Live Next

Read More Get the Book

"The aerotropolis is the physical incarnation of globalization made concrete in urban form reflecting local interfaces of worldwide airborne flows of people and products."

John D. Kasarda

"In today's turbulent, speed-driven economy, it is no longer the big eating the small, but the fast eating the slow."

John D. Kasarda

"Airports are not just trade facilitators; they are trade creators by quickly connecting businesspeople and high-value, time-critical products to distant customers and markets."

John D. Kasarda

"Cities used to be almost exclusively destinations and airports solely places of departure. Now airports are becoming destinations and cities places of departure as their residents and workers increasingly travel to emerging airport cities and aerotropolises around the world."

John D. Kasarda

"Under Global City 4.0, exports of knowledge-based, information-intensive business services – delivered to distant sites by air traveling auditors, consultants, corporate lawyers, investment bankers, marketers, and professionals of all types – will far eclipse the value of the Global City’s goods exports."

John D. Kasarda

"As our world becomes increasingly networked, ever-greater amounts of commerce will flow to and through its hubs, especially its major air hubs and the metropolitan regions they serve, creating a global hierarchy of aerotropolises established by the strength of air hub connectivity and resulting value of goods and services trade generated."

John D. Kasarda