Linked below are selected publications by Dr. John Kasarda addressing the basics of airport city and aerotropolis planning and development as well as articles on his work and that of Aerotropolis Business Concepts LLC. A more comprehensive set of publications can be found at

Awaiting…the aerotropolis

February, 2007

For very long our airports have been deliberately planned outside city limits. One can’t say they have been neglected, but surely they were never top priority. But going by some important facts, it’s compelling to take a re-look. Consider this: 40 per cent of the value of world trade now goes by air (and this is just under 2 per cent of the total trade, by weight).

The Impact of the Air Cargo Industry on the Global Economy

September 13, 2006
The International Air Cargo Association Forum

The global air cargo industry represents almost 100 billion revenue ton-miles of transportation, an estimated $52 billion in direct revenue in 2005 and substantially more revenues in related trucking and logistics services. In this paper, we combine data from many sources with new analysis of systematic data to characterize the nature of the air cargo industry and examine its impact on the global economy.

Airport Cities and the Aerotropolis

July 26, 2006

Airports have historically been understood as places where aircraft operate, including the runways, control towers, terminals, hangers and other facilities which directly serve aircraft, passengers and cargo. This historical understanding is giving way to a broader, more encompassing concept which recognizes the fact that in addition to their core aeronautical infrastructure and services, virtually all major airports have increasingly developed non-aeronautical commercial facilities and services.

Air Cargo, Liberalization, and Economic Development

July, 2005

Led by a convergence of aviation, globalization, digitization, and time-based competition, the worlds of commerce and supply chain management are rapidly changing.

Knowledge Management Across Multi-tier Enterprises: The Promise of Intelligent Software in the Auto Industry

August, 1999
Appears in European Management Journal

The automotive industry is at a critical juncture in its evolution. Vehicle manufacturers are merging horizontally into large portfolio-oriented companies focused on assembly and marketing while reducing their in-house development and manufacturing depth in favor of a multi-tier supplier base.

Time-Based Competition & Industrial Location in the Fast Century

Winter, 1999
Appears in Real Estate Issues

What opportunities and challenges await the 21st century industry? The picture is becoming clearer by the day. Commercial borders will effectively supplant national borders. Global sourcing will predominate as advanced telecommunications and transportation technologies allow a wide geographic dispersion of component manufacturing sites and places of final assembly, predicated on raw material availability, labor costs and skills, and markets.

Logistics, Strategy and Structure

Appears in International Journal of Operations & Production Management

The competitive environment for manufacturing firms has changed drastically in the past ten to 15 years. Customers in geographically dispersed, emerging and established global markets now demand higher quality products at lower cost in a shorter time. As a result, firms have been forced to reorganize their manufacturing activities and realign their global strategies.

Innovative Infrastructure for Agile Manufacturers

Winter, 1998
Appears in Sloan Management Review

Increased global competition means that industry and government must work together to ensure that manufacturers have support networks of transportation, telecommunications, services, and knowledge centers.

Enterprise Logistics in the Information Era

Summer, 1997
Appears in California Management Review

Today's competitive pressures require goods-producing firms to simultaneously manage multiple cross-organizational information and material flows in order to source, manufacture, and deliver their products better, faster, and cheaper. This change has precipitated a radical shift in our thinking about the architecture of production, the importance of traditional supply chain relationships, and, most importantly, the role of logistics.

The Global Transpark

April 1998
Appears in Urban Land

Dramatic changes are occurring in the way businesses operate around the world. Underlying those changes is the emergence of a new competitive environment in which price and quality are necessary — but no longer sufficient — for commercial success. Increasingly, customers from both established and emerging markets and demanding fast and reliable delivery of products with distinctive, personalized features. Industrial advantage is gained by firms that respond flexibly and rapidly to their domestic and global customers, delivering lower cost, high-quality products quickly and effectively.

"International airline routes are the quintessential manifestation of 21st century globalization. They are our high-speed physical Internet, moving people and products quickly and efficiently over long distances. Airports are its routers, attracting time-critical, globally-oriented businesses of all types to their environs creating a new urban form – the Aerotropolis."

Time Magazine, 2011

Aerotropolis The Way We'll Live Next

Read More Get the Book

"The aerotropolis is the physical incarnation of globalization made concrete in urban form reflecting local interfaces of worldwide airborne flows of people and products."

John D. Kasarda

"In today's globally-networked, turbulent economy it is no longer the big eating the small but the fast eating the slow. Economies of speed have become as important as economies of scale and economies of scope for firms and cities to compete."

John D. Kasarda

"A well-designed aerotropolis functions as an 'urban pipe' reducing time-cost frictions of space and distance, thereby increasing both firm and regional operational efficiency."

John D. Kasarda

"The primary metrics for aerotropolis planning are not space and distance but time and cost of connecting. It is not how far but how fast firms and business people can connect to their suppliers, customers, and enterprise partners locally, nationally and globally."

John D. Kasarda

"Cities used to be almost exclusively destinations and airports solely places of departure. Now airports are becoming destinations and cities places of departure as their residents and workers increasingly travel to emerging airport cities and aerotropolises around the world."

John D. Kasarda

"A globally competitive aerotropolis will not likely evolve on a spontaneous, ad hoc basis. Rather, it must be guided by a shared vision, strategy, and coordinated actions among the private, public, and institutional sectors."

John D. Kasarda

"In the Aerotropolis model, transportation and logistics are not costs to be minimized, but value-adding services to be optimized."

John D. Kasarda

"Airports today are not just trade facilitators; they are trade creators by quickly connecting businesspeople and high-value, time-critical products to distant customers and markets."

John D. Kasarda

"Under Global City 4.0, exports of knowledge-based, information-intensive business services – delivered to distant sites by air traveling auditors, consultants, corporate lawyers, investment bankers, marketers, and professionals of all types – will far eclipse the value of the Global City’s goods exports."

John D. Kasarda

"As our world becomes increasingly networked, ever-greater amounts of commerce will flow to and through its hubs, especially its major air hubs and the metropolitan regions they serve, creating a global hierarchy of aerotropolises established by the strength of air hub connectivity and resulting value of goods and services trade generated."

John D. Kasarda